-ism

suffix forming nouns:
1》 denoting an action or its result: baptism.
    ↘denoting a state or quality: barbarism.
2》 denoting a system, principle, or ideological movement: Anglicanism.
    ↘denoting a basis for prejudice or discrimination: racism.
3》 denoting a peculiarity in language: colloquialism.
4》 denoting a pathological condition: alcoholism.
Origin
from Fr. -isme, via L. from Gk -ismos, -isma.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

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